Our handy glossary has all the terms and definitions you need to better explore golf clubs and equipment. 

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A type of iron that is typically forged as a single piece rather than cast in a mold. They are more compact with thinner lines

Bounce Angle
The measurement in degrees of the angle between the leading edge of a club when the sole is rested on the ground, most common associated with wedges but also present in irons

A method of making golf clubs by pouring hot metal into a pre-made mold in order to form the club head, a popular process for making irons

Cavity Back Irons
Irons that feature a cut-out back, with weight moved toward the perimeter of the club head to make them more forgiving and easier to hit

Center of Gravity (CG)
The point inside the head of a golf club where all balanced points intersect. Clubs with lower CG locations produce higher ball flight and clubs with higher CG locations produce lower, more penetrating ball flight

The leading surface of the club head where you strike the golf ball

Coefficient of Restitution (COR)
The measurement of one object’s ability to transfer energy to another object at impact. IN golf, it determines of how much a golf ball will rebound off of a club face, found by dividing the speed off the club face by the club head speed at impact. USGA limits COR to a measurement of .830

Measurement for expressing the hardness of a golf ball, normally 80-90 compression. Harder balls are (100 compression) are intended for players with faster swings, but may also be useful in windy conditions. 

Any one of various materials used inside the golf ball

The outer layer or shell of the golf ball

The round indentations on a golf ball cover which are scientifically designed to enable the ball to make a steady and true flight. Dimples, by reducing drag, allow a golf ball to stay in the air for a longer flight than would be possible with a smooth ball.

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Face Balanced
Used to describe a putter that, when balanced on a single point, the putter face will point straight up. This type of putter opens and closes less during putting, making them an ideal fit for golfers with a straight-back, straight-through putting stroke.

Flat Lie
A golf club with a flat lie has a lower lie angle than standard. Some golfers need a flatter lie to fit their stature or swing, but a golf club with a lie that is too flat can cause the toe of the club to strike the ground first, resulting in pushed shots.

The ability of the shaft to bend during the swing. The proper flex will match the tempo of your swing to produce the ideal ball flight, trajectory, distance, and accuracy.

Forged Irons
Irons that are made from one solid piece of metal from start to finish, often with a softer metal like carbon steel, making it easier to stamp out the shape of the iron

Lines that are cut in to the club face to produce spin by grabbing the surface of the golf ball at impact

The part of the club head closest to the hosel

Heel-Toe Weighting
A design where more weight is concentrated to the heel and toe parts of the club head in order to make it more stable and forgiving on mis-hits

High Spin Ball
Golf balls designed for maximum spin and control; high spin balls are generally soft feelings and are preferred by better players

The area of a golf club where the shaft connects to the club head

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Leading Edge
The edge on the front of the golf club where the face meets the sole, literally the edge of the club that leads the swing

Lie Angle
The angle formed between the center of the shaft and the ground when the club is placed at address

The measurement in degrees of how much the club face is angled upward

Low Spin Ball
Lower spinning golf balls tend to decrease side spin of your shots allowing the ball to fly straighter through the air. They are best suited to players that slice the ball or players searching for maximum distance.

Maraging Steel
The hardest type of metal used in golf clubs, a stainless steel that is used to create stronger, thinner club faces.

Moment of Inertia (MOI)
The measurement of a golf club’s resistant to twisting, used to describe stability. Higher MOI means the club is less likely to twist when you make contact out on the toe or in on the heel.

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The measure of how much the leading edge of the club face is set back from the hosel, making it easier to square the club face

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The bottom part of a golf club; the area where the club rests on the ground when in playing position

Strong Loft
Clubs with a strong loft have been adjusted to reduce the loft angle, generally done with irons to help boost distance

Sweet Spot
The position on the clubface at which maximum energy and feel will be transferred. By technical definition, it is the exact spot on the face of a club where there is zero rotation of the club face when impacted by an object.

Swing Weight
The balance measurement to where the club balances toward the club head; commonly how the weight of the club feels when you swing it, not the overall or total weight of the club

The area of the club head furthest from the shaft or hosel

Toe Hang
A feature in putters where the toe of the club will hang down toward the ground when balanced. Toe hang can vary from slight to more pronounced. The more arc a golfer has in their putting stroke, the more toe hang they will want in their putter.

Trailing Edge
The most rearward edge of the club’s sole, literally the edge of the swing that trails through the turf

The height and angle the ball travels when struck

Upright Lie
A golf club with an upright lie has a higher lie angle than standard. Some golfers need a more upright lie to fit their stature or swing, but a golf club with a lie that is too upright can cause the heel of the club to strike the ground first, resulting in pulled shots.

The speed a ball can reach in a shot

Weak Loft
Clubs with a weak loft have been adjusted to increase the long angle; generally done to properly space out distance gaps through a set.

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